A traumatic brain injury (TBI) happens when the head is subjected to a violent blow or jolt. This usually happens when an individual is involved in a car accident, a slip-and-fall accident or when the head is hit by a blunt object.
A minor traumatic brain injury can have a temporary effect on the brain tissue and the individual’s overall health. However, a more serious traumatic brain injury can cause bruises and tissue damage. As a result, the individual may suffer from a wide range of long-term complications.
TBIs and psychological disorders
TBIs can result in a range of psychological disorders. According to an American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 25% of car accident victims showed signs of depression up to 24 months after the accident. TBI victims tend to suffer episodes of mood swings, and this can greatly impact an individual’s social and professional life. Nerve damage that results from a TBI can hinder a person from making sound judgment. The result, they are likely to engage in risky behaviors that can endanger themselves as well as the people around them.
TBIs and cognitive disorders
Individuals who have suffered from a TBI can suffer memory problems, concentration, impulsiveness and confusion. These individuals are also easily distractible.
TBIs and physical disorders
The long-term physical effects of a traumatic brain injury can be very debilitating. Some of these may include facial paralysis, difficulty swallowing, trouble maintaining balance, hearing loss, loss of smell, taste and vision, and loss of stamina.
TBIs and communication disorders
A traumatic brain injury can also have a long-term effect on an individual’s communication and language processing abilities. Of course, these health challenges can result in social conflicts and self-esteem problems. Communication problems resulting from TBIs can take the forms of:
- Trouble with coherent expression
- Difficulty with speech
- Inability to hold coherent conversations
A traumatic brain injury can have long-term effects on an accident victim. If you are involved in an accident that involves injury to the brain, it is important that you seek treatment as soon as you possible.